Before conquering the highest tops, you definitely need to know which those tops you are called to conquer are! Truth is anybody can become confused by only hearing about narrative, argumentative, descriptive, expository and persuasive types of essays, among a dozen others! Or can’t they? Why not YOU be among the ones that know those types inside out before you are even assigned to one, and master them? Do you have what it takes to become an expert essay writer? You damn well, do!
Like Chinese general and military strategist, Sun Zu, said, “If you know your enemies and know yourself, you will not be imperiled in a hundred battles” (The Art of War, Chapter 3). Well, yes, we are just bantering at this point. Essay writing is not an enemy, rather than a fruitful and constructive process where you learn how to express yourself and work on a subject, via the various means provided to you. However, you DO need to know about the types of essays before starting writing one, so you avoid misinterpretations and wrongfully approach your topic. But, first of all, let us start by mentioning the importance of essay writing. To begin with, essay writing is part of every standardized test and a very common school assignment that defines a great deal of your overall grade on a module taken. Moreover, essay writing is a necessary requirement if you are to attend college. Admission essays are significant in determining whether you will make it to college or not. In short, your academic success also lies in effective essay writing Now, let’s get into the meet of it. There are 4 major types of essays. According to what you want to talk about, there are:
1. Descriptive Essays Imagine a descriptive essay as painting a picture, only you do that with words! It is the type of essay that closely resembles to the narrative (see nr.2 below). But it is a bit different. In descriptive essay, you don’t just describe for the sake of description; you need to actually show with colorful words what you want to describe. You may be asked to describe another person, an object, a place, or even unfold a very significant memory of yours. You need to make it picturesque. Let the reader start imagining what you want to communicate. Sensory details help a great deal here. Go for your readers’ emotions and give them something they will remember for long. Isn’t it much better to say, “Paris is a beautiful, cosmopolitan, exciting, yet bustling and crowded city, in the heart of Europe”, than “Paris is a city in the heart of Europe”?
2. Narrative Essays This is where you tell a story. Narrative=Narration. It is about a real-life experience you have had that is more challenging than you might think of at first. You not only need to write about something you have lived, but make sure you have presented in an engaging and interesting way for your readers to enjoy. It requires vivid writing (if we can call it that!). We usually write in first person (“I”) as this makes the readers more involved in the story. We end the narrative with a personal statement or conclusion that is built from a well-crafted narrative essay.
3. Persuasive Essays This is where you need to persuade your readers about your point of view considering the discussed topic. Do you have any recommendations to make? Then make your readers embrace them, by carefully building your case. How? With facts and logic, expert opinions, examples, and rationale. Moreover, you need to appear somewhat unbiased. Present both sides of the coin and communicate your message clearly throughout the entire essay. Yes, you should take a stand. Persuasive essays are the types of essays where you critique positions, opinions, and viewpoints and present a certain position as correct, backed up by credible information.
4. Expository Essays This is a type of essay that includes many others (“how to”, cause and effect, compare and contrast, etc.). We can say it is an informative piece of writing where you need to demonstrate a carefully analyzed topic. You can use examples, statistics and facts to define your topic. However, unlike the persuasive essay, in expository you have to set aside your personal stance and feeling towards the topic being discussed and analyzed, and build your case only on bare facts. Needless to say, first person is avoided in expository essays, since your personal opinion is depicted nowhere in the essay.
If you want some more tips, you can check out How to write a killer essay!!! So, stick around!
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